The costs associated with skin cancer increased five times as fast as treatments for other cancers between 2002 and 2011, according to a CDC study published online in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Skin cancer, the most commonly diagnosed cancer in the United States, is a major and growing public health problem. The number of skin cancer cases has been increasing, but little was known prior to this study about the costs of treating skin cancer.
The average annual cost for skin cancer treatment increased from $3.6 billion during 2002 to 2006, to $8.1 billion during 2007 to 2011, an increase in costs of 126 percent. The average annual cost for treatment of all other cancers increased by 25 percent during the same time period.
“The findings raise the alarm that not only is skin cancer a growing problem in the United States, but the costs for treating it are skyrocketing relative to other cancers, said the lead author of the report, Gery Guy, Ph.D., of the CDC’s Division of Cancer Prevention and Control. “This also underscores the importance of skin cancer prevention efforts.”
The report studied skin cancer data on adults between 2002 and 2011 using the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. The researchers created two five-year periods of data from 2002 to 2006 and 2007 to 2011 to allow for a comparison over time and to improve the precision of the estimates. The average annual number of adults treated for skin cancer increased from 3.4 million in 2002 to 2006 to 4.9 million in 2007 to 2011.
Nearly five million people are treated for skin cancer every year in the United States. One in five Americans will develop skin cancer. Most cases of melanoma, the deadliest kind of skin cancer, are caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. Basal and squamous skin cancers are easier to treat. Symptoms include changes in skin, new growths, or a sore that does not heal.
People should take steps to protect themselves from UV exposure that could lead to skin cancer by protecting their skin from the sun and avoiding indoor tanning. One sunburn in childhood doubles a person’s chance of getting skin cancer as an adult.
The CDC recommends these easy options:
- Stay in the shade, especially during midday hours
- Wear clothing that covers your arms and legs
- Wear a hat with a wide brim
- Wear sunglasses that block both ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) rays
- Use sunscreen with SPF 15 or higher and both UVA and UVB protection
- Avoid indoor tanning
The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Prevent Skin Cancer calls on all sectors to do more to reduce skin cancer. Examples include communities creating more opportunities for sun protection in outdoor settings, health providers counseling patients on the importance of using sunscreen, and colleges discouraging indoor tanning.
See the CDC Announcement
See also Medical Law Perspectives, October 2012 Report: Mistakes in Diagnosing Cancer: Liability Concerns for Misdiagnosis, Failure to Diagnose, and Delayed Diagnosis